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English Language & Linguistics 2 and 3


English Language and Linguistics 2 and 3 offer young linguists an opportunity to delve further into a variety of topics introduced in Ling 1, along with a few new areas of study and application of linguistic principles to new languages.  As in Ling 1, there is a balance between modules investigating the structure of language and others that describe how language is used.

In the second and third-year courses there are five meetings per week: two lectures, two tutorials and one additional session, which will alternate between modules. The lectures and tutorials will be taught in a combined class consisting of English Language and Linguistics 2 and 3 students.  Please see the main timetable for times and venues.

English Language and Linguistics 3 students will write a Research Report under supervision during the year. These students will have one additional meeting per week in which they will meet in groups to work on their Research Reports (see below).

There will be four modules taught this year, and four other modules will be taught the following year.  Two modules run concurrently over a semester. The following four modules will be taught in 2017:

African Linguistics: Morphosyntax of Southern African Languages

This module covers the following topics:

  • Bantu languages overview
  • Agglutination and word formation
  • The verb complex
  • Grammatical functions and agreement
  • Argument structure-changing operations
  • Object marking parameters


This module covers the following topics:

  • sociolinguistic concepts
  • research procedures (dialectology, variation studies)
  • variation based on age, class, social network and ethnicity
  • language attitudes
  • linguistics / sociolinguistics
  • diglossia
  • codeswitching
  • pidgins and creoles
  • language shift (maintenance and loss)


This module consists of two sections:

Learning a Second Language

  • perspectives on second language acquisition including interlanguage theory and acculturation theory
  • the nature of learner language: second language analysis
  • comparing L1 and L2 acquisition
  • affective, social and cultural factors in L2 acquisition
  • bilingualism


Language Disorders

Linguistic disorders and their remediation, including:

  • language disorders of the school-going child
  • aphasia and dyslexia
  • autism
  • stuttering and cluttering

Systemic Functional Linguistics

This module teaches a deeper investigation of the grammatical aspects of the Systemic Functional model of language, introduced in first year.  In particular it includes:

  • an introduction to the Systemic Functional model of context
  • more detailed analyses of the Ideational, Interpersonal and Textual metafunctions
  • clauses and clause structure
  • grammatical metaphor
  • spoken and written language
  • disciplinarity
  • appraisal
  • real-world applications of Systemic Functional Linguistics

The following four modules may be taught in English Language and Linguistics II and II in 2018:

  • Syntax
  • (Critical) Discourse Analysis
  • Comparative Linguistics: Introduction to Sign Language and Russian Linguistics
  • Phonetics and Phonology

English Language and Linguistics III Research Report: The research report makes up 15% of the course mark for English Language and Linguistics III. Students can choose their research topic from a variety of different research themes available. Students must make an early and definite decision regarding the topic of investigation, and liaise regularly with their supervisor who will be appointed according to the area of research chosen by the student.  Depending on their decision, students will be placed in a group with other students researching similar topics.  These groups will have a meeting once a week, facilitated by the group’s supervisor, at a time agreed on in consultation with the supervisor and group members.

For more information about English Language and Linguistics 2 and 3, please contact Prof. Ralph Adendorff.

Last Modified :Fri, 06 Jan 2017 15:58:49 SAST