Platypleura capensis
Photograph courtesy of Nikite Muller, Institute for Water Research

The Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of South Africa

Compiled by Martin H. Villet

Department of Zoology & Entomology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, 6140 South Africa

© Copyright of this page belongs to the author.


Introduction
Cicadidae
Cicadinae
Platypleurini
Tibicininae
Parnisini
Taphurini
Cicadettini
Tettigomyiini
Prasiini
References

Capcicada decora
Photograph courtesy of Hamish Robertson, South African Museum

Nymphal exuvium
Photograph courtesy of Hamish Robertson, South African Museum


INTRODUCTION

The cicadas of southern Africa are currently classified into one family, Cicadidae, and two subfamilies that are sometimes treated as families. The Cicadinae of South Africa have not been systematically revised since the publication of Distant's Insecta Transvalensia (Distant, 1906). Distant recognized 14 species in the northern parts of the country alone. The expedition of the Lund University Museum in 1950-1951 encountered only six species, all of them already described (Izzard, 1958). More recent work has increased the known fauna to over 40 species and recognized eight new genera, many of them endemic. The geographical distributions and biology of many of the species have also become better known.

The Tibicininae of southern Africa have not been systematically revised since the publication of Distant's Insecta Transvalensia (Distant, 1906). Distant catalogued 13 species from the Transvaal (now Mpumalanga, Gauteng, Northern Province and parts of Northwest Province). Only eight South African species were encountered during the expedition of the Lund University Museum in 1950-1951, and no new taxa were represented (Izzard, 1958). Recent work has increased the known fauna substantially, and added two new endemic genera. There is a high rate of endemism at the generic level.

The abridged lists of synonyms given below follow Metcalf (1963) and Duffels and van der Laan (1985), as revised by Villet (1989a, 1989b, 1994), and work in this direction is continuing. Several changes to the synonymy that are in the process of being published can be obtained by e-mailing the author. The months of activity of the adults are given only as guidelines because southern African cicadas tend to emerge later at more southerly latitudes, and may not emerge in significant numbers until seasonal rain has fallen.


Family: CICADIDAE Westwood 1840

Subfamily: CICADINAE Westwood 1840

Tribe: PLATYPLEURINI Schmidt 1918

  1. Genus: MUNZA Distant 1904
    1. M. furva (Distant)
      Poecilopsaltria furva Distant 1897: 126
      = Munza oculata Jacobi 1910: 300
      Northwest Province, Nothern Province and Mpumalanga, north to Zimbabwe; October to January.

    2. M. laticlavia (Stäl)
      Platypleura laticlavia Stäl 1858: 320
      = Platypleura penicillata Walker 1858: 2
      = Poecilopsaltria peringueyi Distant 1892: 314
      = Munza laticlavia var lubberti Schaumacher 1913: 84
      = Munza laticlavia var semitransparens Schaumacher 1913: 84
      Nothwestern Province, Northern Province, and Northern Cape, north to Botswana and Namibia; December and January.

    3. M. trimeni (Distant)
      Poecilopsaltria trimeni Distant 1892: 313
      Northern Cape and Namibia; December and January.

    4. M. basimacula (Walker)
      Platypleura basimacula Walker 1850: 10
      = Platypleura reducta Walker 1850: 11
      = Munza pygmaea Jacobi 1910: 301
      = Platypleura sikumba Ashton 1914: 16
      = Munza parva Villet 1989a: 63
      Northern Kwazulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Nothern Province, Northwest Province and western Free State, north to Mozambique and Zimbabwe; September to January.

  2. Genus: SEVERIANA Boulard 1972
    1. S. severini (Distant)
      Poecilopsaltria severini Distant 1893: 76
      = Platypleura fenestrata Schumacher 1913: 86
      = Platypleura schumacheri Metcalf 1955: 267
      Mpumalanga and Northern Province, north to Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia; September to January.

  3. Genus: SOUDANIELLA Boulard 1972
    1. S. marshalli (Distant)
      Poecilopsaltria marshalli Distant 1897: 127
      Mpumalanga, and Northern Province, to Zimbabwe; October to January.

  4. Genus: IOBA Distant 1904
    1. I. leopardina (Distant)
      Poecilopsaltria leopardina Distant 1881: 630
      Mpumalanga, north to East Africa; September to January.

  5. Genus: OXYPLEURA Amyot & Serville 1843
    1. O. lenihani Boulard
      Oxypleura lenihani Boulard 1985: 181
      Kwazulu-Natal north coast; December to April. E-mail the author for details of unpublished synonymy.

    2. O. quadraticollis (Butler)
      Platypleura quadraticollis Butler 1874: 194
      Mpumalanga and Northern Province, to Botswana and Zimbabwe; November to February.

  6. Genus: BREVISIANA Boulard 1972
    1. B. brevis (Walker)
      Platypleura brevis Walker 1850: 19
      = Platypleura simplex Walker 1850: 22
      = Cicada neurosticta Schaum 1853: 359
      = Oxypleura sobrina Stäl 1855: 89
      = Oxypleura patruelis Stäl 1855: 90
      Kwazulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and Nothern Province, to north Botswana, Zimbabwe and Malawi; October to April.

  7. Genus: KOMA Distant 1904
    1. K. bombifrons (Karsch)
      Platypleura bombifrons Karsch 1890: 102
      Mpumalanga and Northern Province, north to Zimbabwe; November to January.

  8. Genus: TUGELANA Distant 1912
    1. T. butleri Distant
      Tugelana butleri Distant 1912a: 646
      = Platypleura maritzburgensis Distant 1913: 79
      Northern Kwazulu-Natal and southern Mocambique; November to March.

  9. Genus: AZANICADA Villet 1989
    1. A. zuluensis (Villet)
      Platypleura zuluensis Villet 1987: 212
      Eastern Cape, Western Cape and Kwazulu-Natal coasts; December to April.

  10. Genus: PLATYPLEURA Amyot & Serville 1843
    = SYSTOPHLOCHIUS Villet 1989
    1. P. argentata Villet
      Platypleura argentata Villet 1987: 210
      Kwazulu-Natal; November to April.

    2. P. brunea Villet
      Platypleura brunea Villet 1989a: 58
      Eastern Cape; December.

    3. P. capensis (Linnaeus)
      Cicada capensis Linnaeus 1764: 158
      Western Cape and Eastern Cape; November to January.

    4. P. chalybaea Villet
      Platypleura chalybaea Villet 1989a: 56
      = Platypleura chalybaes Villet 1989a: 56 [lapsus]
      Eastern Cape; December to February.

    5. P. deusta (Thunberg)
      Tettigonia deusta Thunberg 1822: 6
      Mpumalanga, Kwazulu-Natal and Lesotho; November to January.

    6. P. divisa (Germar)
      Cicada divisa Germar 1834: 80
      = Platypleura divisa var. techowi Schumacher 1913: 87 E-mail the author for details of unpublished synonymy.
      (in error as Platypleura hirtipennis by Villet (1987b, 1988, 1989))
      Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Kwazulu-Natal and Eastern Cape; November to February.
      Until recently, the type specimens of P. divisa and P. hirtipennis were lost, resulting in their misidentification in many South African and overseas museums. Several taxa from other parts of the country have been confused under this name, and their status is currently being reviewed; some of these taxa may currently be treated as synonyms. E-mail the author for details.

    7. P. haglundi Stäl
      Platypleura haglundi Stäl 1866: 14
      Northwest Province, northern Free State, Northern Province, Gauteng, Mpumalanga and Kwazulu-Natal, to Zimbabwe; October to March.

    8. P. hirta Karsch
      P. hirta Karsch 1890: 100
      Nothern Province, Gauteng and Mpumalanga; October to January.

    9. P. hirtipennis (Germar)
      Cicada hirtipennis Germar 1834: 80
      = Platypleura chloronota Walker 1850: 8 E-mail the author for details of unpublished synonymy.
      = Platypleura ocellata Walker 1850: 3 [nec De Geer]
      = Platypleura divisa var. b Stäl 1866: 17
      Eastern Cape; December and January.

    10. P. maytenophila Villet
      Platypleura maytenophila Villet 1987: 209
      Kwazulu-Natal coast; November to April.

    11. P. mijburghi Villet
      Platypleura mijburghi Villet 1989a: 54
      Gauteng, Mpumalanga and Northern Province; October to January.

    12. P. murchisoni Distant
      Platypleura murchisoni Distant 1905e: 669
      Mpumalanga; December.

    13. P. plumosa Germar
      Cicada plumosa Germar 1834: 81
      = Platypleura hirtipennis var. a Stäl 1866: 16
      Eastern Cape; November to February.

    14. P. signifera Walker
      Platypleura signifera Walker 1850: 7
      Eastern Cape.

    15. P. stridula Linnaeus
      Cicada stridula Linnaeus 1758: 436
      = Cicada nigrolinea De Geer 1773: 219
      = Cicada catenata Drury 1773: 69
      Western Cape; November to January.

    16. P. techowi
      Platypleura divisa var techowi Schumacher 1913: 87
      Platypleura techowi Villet 2005: 591
      = Systophlochius palochius Villet 1989a: 52
      Northern Cape, Free State, Northwest Province, Northern Province and Mpumalanga; December to February.

    17. P. turneri Boulard
      Platypleura turneri Boulard 1975a: 48
      Western Cape; January.

    18. P. wahlbergi Stäl
      Platypleura wahlbergi Stäl 1855: 89
      Eastern Cape and Kwazulu-Natal; November and December.

    19. Platypleura sp.
      (E-mail the author for details)
      Eastern Cape, Free State and KwaZulu-Natal; December and January.

  11. Genus: CAPCICADA Villet 1989
    1. C. decora (Germar)
      Cicada decora Germar 1834: 79
      = Platypleura absimilis Distant 1897: 128
      Western Cape and Eastern Cape; December to February.

  12. Genus: ALBANYCADA Villet 1989
    1. A. albigera (Walker)
      Platypleura albigera Walker 1850: 12
      = Platypleura membranacea Karsch 1890: 92
      Western Cape and Eastern Cape; November to February.

  13. Genus: KONGOTA Distant 1904
    1. K. punctigera (Walker)
      Platypleura punctigera Walker 1850: 14
      = Platypleura subfolia Walker 1850: 15
      = Kongota muiri Distant 1905e: 671
      Kwazulu-Natal and Eastern Cape; February to May.

  14. Genus: PYCNA Amyot & Serville 1843
    1. P. natalensis Distant
      Pycna natalensis Distant 1905f: 197
      Mpumalanga and Kwazulu-Natal; November to January.

    2. P. sylvia (Distant)
      Platypleura sylvia Distant 1899: 81
      Mpumalanga.

    3. P. semiclara (Germar)
      Cicada semiclara Germar 1834: 82
      = Platypleura basifolia Walker 1850: 15
      Eastern Cape, Kwazulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and Nothern Province; October to February.


Subfamily: TIBICININAE

Tribe: PARNISINI Distant

  1. Genus: QUINTILIA Stäl 1866: 28
    1. Q. annulivena (Walker)
      Cicada annulivena Walker 1850: 205

    2. Q. aurora (Walker)
      Cicada aurora Walker 1850: 217
      = Tibicen sanguinarius Stäl 1866: 35
      Western Cape; December.

    3. Q. carinata (Thunberg)
      Tettigonia carinata Thunberg 1822: 7
      = Cicada tristis Germar 1834: 60
      = Cicada nigroviridis Walker 1852: 1130

    4. Q. catena (Fabricius)
      Tettigonia catena Fabricius 1775: 679
      = Cicada nebulosa Olivier 1790: 752
      = Cicada hyalina Olivier 1790: 756
      = Cicada garrula Olivier 1790: 758
      = Tettigonia crenata Thunberg 1822: 7

    5. Q. conspersa Karsch
      Quintilia conspersa Karsch 1890: 118
      = Lycurgus conspersus Kato 1932: 178

    6. Q. dorsalis (Thunberg)
      Tettigonia dorsalis Thunberg 1822: 6

    7. Q. frontalis Karsch
      Quintilia frontalis Karsch 1890: 119
      = Lycurgus frontalis Kato 1932: 178

    8. Q. maculiventris Distant
      Quintilia maculiventris Distant 1905c: 205

    9. Q. monilifera (Walker)
      Cicada monilifera Walker 1850: 219
      = Tibicen maculinervis Stäl 1866: 33

    10. Q. musca (Olivier)
      Cicada musca Olivier 1790: 759
      = Cicada tachinaria Germar 1830: 38 (nom. nov. pro C. musca)

    11. Q. obliqua (Walker)
      Cicada obliqua Walker 1850: 214

    12. Q. pallidiventris (Stäl)
      Tibicen pallidiventris Stäl 1866: 33

    13. Q. peregrina (Linnaeus)
      Cicada peregrina Linnaeus 1764: 161
      = Cicada maculipennis Germar 1834: 72

    14. Q. primitiva (Walker)
      Cicada primitiva Walker 1850: 218
      = Tibicen haematinus Stäl 1866: 40

    15. Q. rufiventris (Walker)
      Cicada rufiventris Walker 1850: 159
      = Cicada holmgreni Stäl 1856: 198
      Western Cape; December to February.

    16. Q. semipunctata Karsch
      Quintilia semipunctata Karsch 1890: 116

    17. Q. umbrosa (Stäl)
      Cicada diaphana Germar 1830: 3
      = Tibicen peregrinus var b Stäl 1866: 32
      = Tibicen umbrosus Stäl 1866: 40

    18. Q. vitripennis Karsch
      Quintilia vitripennis Karsch 1890: 118
      = Lycurgus vitripennis Kato 1932: 178

    19. Q. vittativentris (Stäl)
      Tibicen vittativentris Stäl 1866: 30

    20. Q. walkeri China
      Quintilia walkeri China 1925: 275
      Eastern Cape.

    21. Q. wealei (Distant)
      Tibicen wealei Distant 1892: 316
      Eastern Cape.

  2. Genus: PSILOTYMPANA Stäl 1861: 620
    1. P. ruficollis (Thunberg)
      Tettigonia ruficollis Thunberg 1822: 5
      Western Cape.

    2. P. signifera (Germar)
      Cicada signifera Germar 1830: 7
      = Cicada elana Walker 1850: 197
      Western Cape.

    3. P. varicolor Distant
      Psilotympana varicolor Distant 1920: 371
      Western Cape.

    4. P. walkeri Metcalf
      Cicada gracilis Walker 1850: 224 (nec Schellenberg 1802)
      Psilotympana walkeri Metcalf 1963: 175
      Western Cape.

  3. Genus: ABAGAZARA Distant 1905c: 206
    1. A. bicolorata (Distant)
      Callipsaltria bicolorata Distant 1892: 318
      Northern Cape.

  4. Genus: HENICOTETTIX Stäl 1858: 320
    1. H. hageni Stäl
      H. hageni Stäl 1858: 320

  5. Genus: KORANNA Distant 1905c: 207
    1. K. analis Distant
      K. analis Distant 1905c: 207

  6. Genus: MASUPHA Distant 1892: 317
    1. M. ampliata Distant
      M. ampliata Distant 1892: 317
      Northern Cape.

    2. M. delicata Distant
      M. delicata Distant 1892: 318
      Northern Cape.

    3. M. dregei Distant
      M. dregei Distant 1905c: 208
      Northern Cape.

    4. Masupha sp. 1
      E-mail the author for details.
      Eastern Cape.

    5. Masupha sp. 2
      E-mail the author for details.
      Northern Cape.


  7. Genus: TAIPINGA Distant 1905c: 210
    1. T. albivenosa (Walker)
      Cicada albivenosa Walker 1858: 27

    2. T. consobrina Distant
      Taipinga consobrina Distant 1906c: 386

    3. T. fuscata Distant
      Taipinga fuscata Distant 1906c: 386

    4. T. fusiformis (Walker)
      Cicada fusiformis Walker 1850: 211

    5. T. infuscata (Distant)
      Psilotympana infuscata Distant 1892: 319

    6. T. luctuosa (Stäl)
      Cicada luctuosa Stäl 1855: 90

    7. T. nigricans (Stäl)
      Cicada nigricans Stäl 1855: 90

    8. T. rhodesi Distant
      Taipinga rhodesi Distant 1920: 371

    9. T. undulata (Thunberg)
      Tettigonia undulata Thunberg 1822: 5
      = Cicada scripta Germar 1834: 73

  8. Genus: ZOUGA Distant 1906a: 176
    1. Z. delalandei Distant
      Z. delalandei Distant 1914: 183

    2. Z. festiva Distant
      Z. festiva Distant 1920: 373

    3. Z. hottentota Distant
      Z. hottentota Distant 1914: 183

    4. Z. typica Distant
      Z. typica Distant 1906a: 176.

  9. Genus: CALOPSALTRIA Stäl 1861: 620
    1. C. convexa Haupt
      Callipsaltria [sic] convexa Haupt 1918: 85

    2. C. hottentota Kirkaldy
      Cicada elongata Stäl 1855: 90 (nec Fabricius 1781)
      Calopsaltria hottentota Kirkaldy 1909: 390

    3. C. longula (Stäl)
      Cicada longula Stäl 1855: 90

    4. C. nigra Karsch
      Callipsaltria [sic] nigra Karsch 1890: 115

  10. Genus: MAPONDERA Distant 1905c: 212
    1. Mapondera capicola Kirkaldy
      Cicada pulchella Stäl 1855: 90 (nec Westwood 1845)
      Mapondera capicola Kirkaldy 1909: 390

    2. Mapondera hottentota Kirkaldy
      Cicada abdominalis Stäl 1855: 90 (nec Donovan 1798)
      Mapondera hottentota Kirkaldy 1909: 390



Tribe: TAPHURINI Distant

  1. Genus: TRISMARCHA Karsch 1891: 348
    1. T. sirius (Distant)
      Tibicen sirius Distant 1899: 82
      Northern KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and Northern Province.

  2. Genus: NEOMUDA Distant 1920: 374
    1. N. abdominalis Distant
      N. abdominalis Distant 1920: 375
      Western Cape.

    2. N. peringueyi Distant
      N. peringueyi Distant 1920: 374
      Western Cape.

    3. N. trimeni Distant
      N. trimeni Distant 1920: 375
      Western Cape.

  3. Genus: OUDEBOSHIA Distant 1920: 375
    1. O. festiva Distant
      O. festiva Distant 1920: 376
      Western Cape.

  4. Genus: PARANISTRIA Metcalf 1952: 230
    1. P. fornicata (Linnaeus)
      Cicada fornicata Linnaeus 1758: 436
      = Cicada dimidiata Olivier 1790: 755
      = Carineta leuconeura Walker 1850: 243
      Western Cape.

    2. P. trichiosoma (Walker)
      Carineta trichiosoma Walker 1850: 242
      Western Cape.

    3. P. villosa (Fabricius)
      Tettigonia villosa Fabricius 1781: 320
      Western Cape.



Tribe: TETTIGOMYIINI Distant

  1. Genus: GAZUMA Distant 1905d: 268
    1. G. barrettae Distant
      Gazuma barrettae Distant 1905d: 268
      Eastern Cape. E-mail the author for details of unpublished synonymy.

    2. G. delalandei Distant
      Gazuma delalandei Distant 1905d: 268
      Eastern Cape. E-mail the author for details of unpublished synonymy.

    3. G. pretoriae Distant
      Gazuma pretoriae Distant 1905d: 268
      Mpumalanga.

  2. Genus: STAGIRA Stäl 1861: 621
    1. S. furculata Villet
      Stagira furculata Villet 1997: 360
      Eastern Cape; November to February

    2. S. pondoensis Villet
      Stagira pondoensis Villet 1997: 362
      Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal; November to February

    3. S. elegans Villet
      Stagira elegans Villet 1997: 362
      Eastern Cape; October to January

    4. S. enigmatica Villet
      Stagira enigmatica Villet 1997: 364
      distribution unknown

    5. S. aethlius (Walker)
      Cicada aethlius Walker 1850: 210
      Eastern Cape. Eastern Cape; December and January

    6. S. pseudaethlius Villet
      Stagira pseudaethlius Villet 1997: 365
      KwaZulu-Natal; November

    7. S. virescens Kirkaldy
      Cicada viridula Walker 1858: 27 (nec Walker 1850)
      Stagira virescens Kirkaldy 1909: 390
      Kwazulu-Natal; October to January

    8. S. simplex (Germar)
      Cicada simplex Germar 1834: 72
      Eastern Cape; November to February

    9. S. caffrariensis Villet
      Stagira caffrarieinsis Villet 1997: 367
      Eastern Cape; December and January

    10. S. sylvia Villet
      Stagira sylvia Villet 1997: 368
      Mpumalanga; November to March

    11. [ S. selindensis Villet
      Stagira selindensis Villet 1997: 369
      Zimbabwe; January ]

    12. [ S. oxyclypea Villet
      Stagira oxyclypea Villet 1997: 369
      Zimbabwe; Decemeber ]

    13. S. dendrophila Villet
      Stagira dendrophila Villet 1997: 370
      Northern Province; November to January

    14. S. mystica Villet
      Stagira mystica Villet 1997: 372
      Northern Province; November

    15. S. consobrina Distant
      Stagira consobrina Distant 1920: 372
      Northern Province; December to February

    16. S. consobrinoides Villet
      Stagira consobrinoides Villet 1997: 373
      Northern Province; January

    17. S. xenomorpha Villet
      Stagira xenomorpha Villet 1997: 374
      KwaZAulu-Natal; October to January

    18. S. segmentaria Karsch
      Stagira segmentaria Karsch 1890: 127
      Stagira ruficostata Distant 1920: 372
      Stagira sanguinea Distant 1920: 372
      Eastern Cape; September to March

    19. S. purpurea Villet
      Stagira purpurea Villet 1997: 376
      KwaZulu-Natal; January

    20. S. nkandlhaensis Villet
      Stagira nkandlhaensis Villet 1997: 377
      KwaZulu-Natal; January

    21. S. ngomiensis Villet
      Stagira ngomiensis Villet 1997: 378
      KwaZulu-Natal; December and January

    22. S. microcephala (Walker)
      Cephaloxys microcephala Walker 1850: 232
      = Cicada cereris Stäl 1855: 90
      KwaZulu-Natal; October to March

    23. S. nasuta Villet
      Stagira nasuta Villet 1997: 379
      KwaZulu-Natal; November and December

    24. S. eshowiensis Villet
      Stagira eshowiensis Villet 1997: 380
      KwaZulu-Natal; December

    25. S. stygia Villet
      Stagira stygia Villet 1997: 381
      Northern Province; December and January

    26. S. zebrata Villet
      Stagira zebrata Villet 1997: 382
      Mpumalanga and Northern Province; December and January

    27. S. sexcostata Villet
      Stagira sexcostata Villet 1997: 382
      Northern Province; December

    28. S. fuscula Villet
      Stagira fuscula Villet 1997: 383
      Northern Province; January

    29. S. celsus Villet
      Stagira celsus Villet 1997: 384
      Mpumalanga; November

    30. S. chloana Villet
      Stagira chloana Villet 1997: 384
      Mpumalanga; December

    31. S. vulgata Villet
      Stagira vulgata Villet 1997: 385
      Mpumalanga and Northern Province; December

    32. S. viridoptera Villet
      Stagira viridoptera Villet 1997: 385
      Mpumalanga; December

    33. S. abagnata Villet
      Stagira abagnata Villet 1997: 387
      Northern Province; February

    34. S. empangeniensis Villet
      Stagira empangeniensis Villet 1997: 388
      KwaZulu-Natal; October and November

    35. S. natalensis Villet
      Stagira natalensis Villet 1997: 388
      KwaZulu-Natal; December to Febraury

    36. S. zuluensis Villet
      Stagira zuluensis Villet 1997: 389
      KwaZulu-Natal; November to March

    37. S. dracomontanoides Villet
      Stagira dracomontanoides Villet 1997: 390
      KwaZulu-Natal; December

    38. S. dracomontana Villet
      Stagira dracomontana Villet 1997: 390
      KwaZulu-Natal; November

    39. S. acrida (Walker)
      Cicada acrida Walker 1850: 209
      Biology unknown


  3. Genus: STAGEA Villet 1994: 294
    1. S. platyptera Villet
      Stagea platyptera Villet 1994: 296
      Mpumlanga.

  4. Genus: BAVEA Distant 1905c: 214
    1. B. concolor (Walker)
      Cephaloxys concolor Walker 1850: 235
      Eastern Cape.

  5. Genus: XOSOPSALTRIA Kirkaldy 1904: 280
    1. X. annulata (Germar)
      Cicada annulata Germar 1830: 43
      Eastern Cape.

    2. Tettigomyia sp. 4
      E-mail the author for details.
      Eastern Cape.

    3. Tettigomyia sp. 5
      E-mail the author for details.
      Eastern Cape.

    4. X. schonlandi Distant
      X. schonlandi Distant 1907b: 176
      Eastern Cape.

    5. X. scurra(Germar)
      Cicada scurra Germar 1830: 39
      = Cicada lutea Germar 1830: 42
      Eastern Cape.

    6. Tettigomyia sp. 3
      E-mail the author for details.
      Eastern Cape.

    7. X. thunbergi Metcalf
      Tettigonia punctata Thunberg 1822: 7 (nec Fabricius 1798)
      Xosopsaltria thunbergi Metcalf 1955: 267
      Eastern Cape.

  6. Genus: TETTIGOMYIA Amyot & Serville 1843: 482
    1. T. vespiformis Amyot & Serville
      T. vespiformis Amyot & Serville 1843: 482
      Eastern Cape.

    2. Tettigomyia sp.
      E-mail the author for details.
      Eastern Cape.

Tribe: CICADETTINI Buckton

  1. Genus: PINHEYA Dlabola 1963: 51
    1. P. violacea Linnaeus
      Cicada violacea Linnaeus 1758: 437
      = Cicada hottentota Olivier 1790: 758
      Western Cape.

  2. Genus: CICADETTA Amyot 1847: 155
    1. C. cadisia (Walker)
      Cicada cadisia Walker 1850: 199
      = Cicada variegata Olivier 1790: 757
      = Cicada pellucida Germar 1830: 42
      = Cicada ruficollis Stål 1856: 198 [nec Thunberg 1822]

    2. C. expansa (Haupt)
      Melampsalta expansa Haupt 1918: 86

    3. C. leucoptera (Germar)
      Cicada leucoptera Germar 1830: 3
      = Cicada fusconervosa Stål 1855: 90

    4. C. limitata (Walker)
      Cicada limitata Walker 1852: 1126

  3. Genus: PAUROPSALTA Goding & Froggatt 1904: 615
    1. P. mimica Distant
      Pauropsalta mimica Distant 1907b: 176

  4. Genus: BUYISA Distant 1907a: 246
    1. B. umtatae Distant
      Buyisa umtatae Distant 1907a: 246
      Eastern Cape.

  5. Genus: STELLENBOSCHIA Distant 1920: 376
    1. S. rotundata (Distant)
      Melampsalta rotundata Distant 1892: 324
      Western Cape.

Tribe: PRASIINI Matsumura

  1. Genus: LACETAS Karsch 1890: 113
    1. L. longicollis Schumacher
      Lacetas longicollis Schumacher 1912: 69
      Mpumalanga and Nothern Province, to Zimbabwe and Botswana.

REFERENCES

Boulard, M. 1973.
Classification raisonnée des Platypleures africaines (Homoptera-Cicadidae). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 90 (Zoologie) 69: 1161-1188.
Distant, W.L. 1906.
Insecta Transvaalensia: a contribution to a knowledge of the entomology of South Africa. Volume 7. London.
Izzard, R.J. 1958.
Hemiptera (Homoptera): Cicadidae. In: Hanström, B., Brink, P. & Rudebeck, G. (Eds) South African animal life, Volume 5 . 190-192. Almqvist & Wiksell, Stockholm.
Metcalf, Z.P. 1961.
A bibliography of the Cicadoidea (Homoptera: Auchenorhyncha). North Carolina State College, Raleigh, N.C.
Metcalf, Z.P. 1963.
General catalogue of the Homoptera. Volume VIII. Cicadoidea. North Carolina State College, North Carolina.
Pead, C.H. 1910.
Some Rhodesian Cicadidae and observations on economic entomology. Proceedings of the Rhodesia Scientific Association 10: 20-39.
Villet, M.H. 1989a.
New taxa of South African platypleurine cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 52: 51-70.
Villet, M.H. 1989b.
Systemic status of Platypleura stridula L. and Platypleura capensis L. (Homoptera, Cicadidae). South African Journal of Zoology 24: 329-332.
Villet, M.H. 1992.
Responses of free-living cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae) to broadcasts of cicada songs. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 55: 93-97.
Villet, M.H. 1993.
The cicada genus Bavea Distant 1905 (Homoptera Tibicinidae): redescription, distribution and phylogenetic affinities. Tropical Zoology 6: 435-440.
Villet, M.H. 1994a.
The cicada genus Stagea n. gen. (Homoptera Tibicinidae): systematics. Tropical Zoology 7: 293-297.
Villet, M.H. 1994b.
The cicada genus Tugelana Distant 1912 (Homoptera Cicadoidea): systematics and distribution. Tropical Zoology 7: 87-92.
Villet, M.H. 1997a.
The cicada genus Stagira Stl 1861 (Homoptera Cicadidae): systematic revision. Tropical Zoology 10: 347-392.
Villet, M.H. 1997b.
Redescription of three species of the genus Platypleura Amyot & Serville 1843 (Hemiptera Cicadidae). Tropical Zoology 10: 321-332.
Villet, M.H. 1999a.
The cicada genus Nyara n. gen. (Homoptera Cicadidae): systematics, behaviour and conservation status. Tropical Zoology 11: 157-163.
Villet, M.H. 1999b.
A new cicada of the genus Severiana Boulard 1972 (Homoptera: Cicadidae) from northern Namibia. Cimbebasia 15: 149-153.
Villet, M.H. & Capitao, I.R. 1996.
Cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae) as indicators of habitat and veld condition in valley bushveld in the Great Fish River Valley. African Entomology 4: 280-284.
Villet, M.H. & Reavell, P.E. 1989.
Annotated provisional checklist and key to the platypleurine cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae) of coastal Natal. South African Journal of Zoology 24: 333-336.


This part of A Catalogue of South African Insects revised: