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Professor Lucien van der Walt

 

Lucien

          

PROFESSOR LUCIEN VAN DER WALT

 

BA, BA Hons(Wits), PhD (Wits)

e-mail: l.vanderwalt@ru.ac.za

 

Academia.edu page with publications, CV, record of teaching:

http://rhodes-za.academia.edu/LucienvanderWalt

 

Publications and related:

http://lucienvanderwalt.wordpress.com/

 

GENERAL PUBLISHING PROFILE:

Professor Lucien van der Walt is a prize-winning scholar, who has published in a wide range of local and international journals, newspapers and bulletins, as well as in reference works. His work has been translated into Czech, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Spanish, Turkish, isiXhosa and isiZulu.

 

Besides numerous chapters in peer-reviewed books, he has published in 'African Studies,' 'Anarchist Studies,' 'Anarchist Developments in Cultural Studies,' 'Archiv fur die Geschichte des Widerstandes und der Arbeit,' 'Canadian Journal of History / Annales canadiennes  d'histoire,' 'Capital and Class,' 'Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East,' 'Journal of Contemporary African Studies,' 'Labor History,' 'Labour Capital and Society,' 'Mundos del Trabalho,' 'Politikon,' 'Refractions,' 'Safundi: The Journal of South African and American Studies,' and 'Society in Transition.'

 

He has presented papers at more than 100 events, serves on six editorial boards, and has published well over 120 popular articles, including in the 'South African Labour Bulletin,' 'Ndivhuwo,' the 'Sowetan,' etc., and has 4 books and 3 special journal issues. His recent focus has been on South Africa, but he has also done research in Zambia and Zimbabwe. He served as southern African editor for Blackwell's 'International Encyclopedia of Protest and Revolution: 1500 to the present' (2009). 

 

PRIZES AND AWARDS:

Professor Lucien van der Walt won both the international prize for the best Ph.D. dissertation from Labor History,’ the pre-eminent journal for historical scholarship in its field in the world, as well as the CODESRIA (Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa) prize for best African PhD thesis.

 

PROFESSIONAL AND RESEARCH GROUP AFFILIATIONS:

Professor Lucien van der Walt is an associate member of the History Workshop (University of the Witwatersrand), the Neil Aggett Labour Studies Unit (NALSU, Rhodes University), the Global Labour University, and a former staff associate of the Society, Work and Development Institute (SWOP, University of the Witwatersrand). He serves on the following editorial boards or collectives: Historia,  'Social.History /Soziale.Geschichte,' 'WorkingUSA: The Journal of Labor and Society,' 'Global Labour Column,' the Rowman and Littlefield series on 'Radical Subjects in International Politics: Action and Activism,' the Editora Prismas series on 'Coleção Estudos do Anarquismo,' and the Continuum/ Manchester University Press series on 'Contemporary Anarchist Studies.' He is also a member of the South African Sociological Association (SASA), and of the International Sociological Association (ISA, including the RC 44 Labour Movements network).

 

ROLE IN THE WORKING CLASS MOVEMENT:

Professor Lucien van der Walt has been involved in the working class movements for two decades, including serving on the executive of the Workers' Library and Museum, serving as a media officer for the early Anti-Privatisation Forum, activism in the National Education, Health and Allied Workers Union (NEHAWU), and serving as a union educator through the Global Labour University (GLU) at both Wits and at Kassel, the DITSELA Workers Education Unit, and the Wits/ National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (NUMSA) programme. 

 

EVALUATIONS OF TEACHING:

Nominated for the University of the Witwatersrand ('Wits') Vice Chancellor Award, Lucien van der Walt's supervision and teaching has consistently been ranked in the top 10% at Wits. Since Lucien relocated to Rhodes University in 2013, his teaching evaluations have bit the same levels.

 

TEACHING AREAS INCLUDE:

- Labour and left history, movements, politics and theory;

- Political economy and economic sociology, with a focus on neo-liberal restructuring and development policy;

- The sociology of work and industry.

 

SUPERVISION AREAS (POSTGRADUATE) INCLUDE:

- Neo-liberal restructuring, including state-owned corporations and economic & social policy;

- Trade unions and working class movements: history, politics, struggles, strategies;

- Labour history, including global labour history;

- Development strategies;

- Anarchist & syndicalist, Marxist and left history and theory, including race and the national question.

 

NOTE: Examples of completed theses supervised can be found lower on this page.

 

RESEARCH INTERESTS INCLUDE:

- Labour history, with particular reference to anarchism and syndicalism in the colonial and post-colonial world, and questions of transnationality;

- The sociology of contemporary labour movements, with particular reference to trade unionism and labour struggles in southern Africa;

- Political economy, with particular reference to the neo-liberal restructuring of the state sector.

 

THESES AND RESEARCH REPORTS SUPERVISED TO COMPLETION:

- Byrne, Sian, 2014, "'Building Tomorrow Today': A Re-examination of the Controversial 'Workerist' Tendency Associated with the Federation of South African Trade Unions (Fosatu) in South Africa 1979-1985" (MA in Industrial Sociology, Wits).

- Goqoza, Noluyolo, 2015, "Challenges of Post-Apartheid State Owned Company Pension Fund Reform: A Case Study of the Controversy around the Transnet-Transport Pension Fund" (MA in Industrial and Economic Sociology, Rhodes).

- Gbahabo, Terfa Percy, 2012, “Desertification and Rural Livelihood: The Case of Gursulu Village, Yobe State, Nigeria" (MA in Development Studies, co-supervised with P. Germond).

- Kautzky, Keegan, 2008, "An Examination of the Resources and Relationships Available to Impoverished Rural Households to Adapt and Cope in Response to HIV/Aids: A Survey of Villages in the Sekhukhuneland Region of South Africa’s Limpopo Province" (MA in Development Studies, Wits, co-supervised with L. Gilbert).

- Kabali-Kagwa, Faye, 2013, "Crossing Borders: An Exploration of Race, Class and South African Students' Perception of African Students at Rhodes University" (Honours research dissertation, in Sociology, Rhodes).

- Kepadisa, Moemedi, 2015, "The Impact of Post-1994 Trade and Industrial Policies on the Working Class: A Case Study of Iscor (now Arcelor Mittal-South Africa) from 1996 to 2012" (MM-PP, Wits).

- Mahote, Tulisa, 2015, "Evaluating Support Service Co-operation in the Netcare Settlers Public Private Partnership (PPP), Grahamstown, South Africa" (Master of Social Sciences, Rhodes.

- Maisiri, Leroy, 2013, "Coping Strategies in Conditions of Economic Meltdown: Textile Firms in Contemporary Bulawayo, Zimbabwe" (Honours research dissertation, in Industrial and Economic Sociology, Rhodes).

- Maisiri, Leroy, 2013, "The New 'Workers Party' Debate on the South African Independent Left, 2012-2014" (MA in Industrial and Economic Sociology, Rhodes).

- Moussouris, Mandy, 2009, "Love, Liberty and Learning: The Problem with Skills in Revolution - An Anarchist Pespective on Trade Union Education in COSATU" (Honours research dissertation, in Industrial Sociology, Wits).

- Mulondo, Matodzi Michelle, 2010, "Understanding the Use of Fully Subsidised Houses as a Place of Business by the Urban Poor: Poverty Repackaged or Avenue to Escape Poverty?  The Case of Lotus Gardens, Pretoria West, Gauteng" (MA in Development Studies, Wits).

- Musi, Mojalefa, 2010, "Evaluating IMATU and SAMWU Policy Responses to Igoli 2002"(MA in Labour Policy and Globalisation, Wits).

- Mussa, Khadija, 2016, “Views from the Inside: An Appraisal of the Effectiveness of International NGOs as Agents of Development through a Case Study of Concern Universal’s Local Development Support Programme in Dedza District, Malawi” (Masters of Social Science, Rhodes).

- Mutyavaviri, Tariro, 2014, "Implications of Mining for Local Community Members in Marange, Zimbabwe" (Honours research dissertation, in Industrial and Economic Sociology, Rhodes).

- Nathan, Oliver, 2012, "What is the Relationship between State Sponsored Worker Co-operatives, Local Markets and the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality?" (MA in Industrial Sociology, Wits).

- Ndlozi, Mbuyiseni, 2010, "Trade Unionism in South Africa: A Critical Assessment of Trade Union Strategy - The Case of the CWIU, 1987-1999" (MA in Industrial Sociology, Wits).

- Nthinya, Neo, 2014, "The Role of the Independent Municipal and Allied Trade Union (IMATU) in the Merger of the City of Tshwane and the Metsweding Municipalities (2010-2011)" (MA in Labour and Development, Wits).

- Sefalafala, Thabang, 2010, "Union Splits on the Mines: A Case Study of 'Legal Voice' at Driefontein East Gold Mine, Carletonville, Gauteng" (Honours research dissertation, in Industrial Sociology, Wits).

- Shangase, Mabutho, 2008, "Examining the Effectiveness of BEE implementation: A Case Study of Eskom Restructuring, 1995-2005" (MA in Development Studies, Wits).

- Xaba, Brilliant, 2013, "An Investigation Unto the Effectiveness of the Child Support Grant (CSG) in Alleviating Poverty in Poor Grahamstown Communities 2013" (Honours research dissertation, in Industrial and Economic Sociology, Rhodes).

- Xaba, Brilliant, 2015, "The Developmental Impact of Non-contributory Social Grants in South Africa: A Study of Ezibeleni, Queenstown" (MA in Sociology, Rhodes).

 

SELECT PUBLICATIONS AND PRESENTATIONS:

A much more complete list plus CV can be found here.

Books and edited specials:

Keynotes and plenary talks (selection):

  • Lucien van der Walt, 2014, "Varieties of Anarchism: Anarchist Projects and the Struggles that Define Them," International Dissidence research group / Cluster of Excellence: Normative Orders, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt, Germany, 7 August 2014.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2013, “Makhan Singh's (1914–1973) Legacy for Kenyan and African Trade Unions: Learning from the IWW, the Ghadar Party, and the East African Trade Union Congress,” First Makhan Singh Memorial Lecture, Nairobi, 5 December 2013.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2011, “The Global History of Labour Radicalisms: The Importance of Anarchism and Revolutionary Syndicalism,” keynote for "Labour Beyond State, Nation, Race: Global Labour History as a New Paradigm,” University of Kassel, Germany, 26 November 2011.

Scholarly articles and book chapters (selection):

  • Lucien van der Walt, 2016, "Global Anarchism and Syndicalism: Theory, History, Resistance," Anarchist Studies, volume 24, number 1,  pp. 85-106
  • Lucien van der Walt and Sian Byrne, 2015, "Review Article: Worlds of Western Anarchism and Syndicalism: Class Struggle, Transnationalism, Violence and Anti-imperialism, 1870s-1940s," Canadian Journal of History / Annales canadiennes d'histoire, volume 50, number 1, pp. 98–123 .
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2014, "Reclaiming Syndicalism: From Spain to South Africa to Global Labour Today," Global Labour Journal, volume 5, number 2, pp. 239–252.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2013, "Anarchism/ Syndicalism as a Vision, Strategy and Experience of Bottom-up Socialist Democracy: a reply to Daryl Glaser,” Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studies, volume 40, number 2, pp. 339–349.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2013, "(Re)Constructing a Global Anarchist and Syndicalist Canon," Anarchist Developments in Cultural Studies, 2013: number 1 (5th in series), pp. 193–203.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2012, "Thibedi, T.W. (1888–1960),” Henry Louis Gates and Emmanuel Akyeampong (eds.), Dictionary of African Biography, Oxford University Press pp. 13–14.
  • Devan Pillay and Lucien van der Walt, 2012, "Introduction: Assessing the Politics of Organized Labour in Asia, Africa and Latin America at the Start of the 21st Century,” Labour, Capital and Society/ Travail, capital et société, volume 44, number 2, pp. 3–25.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2011, "Anarchism and Syndicalism in an African Port City: the revolutionary traditions of Cape Town’s multiracial working class, 1904–1924,” Labor History, volume 52, number 2, pp. 137–171.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2011, "Counterpower, Participatory Democracy, Revolutionary Defence: debating Black Flame, Revolutionary Anarchism and Historical Marxism," International Socialism: A Quarterly Journal of Socialist Theory, number 130, pp. 193–207.
  • Peter Cole and Lucien van der Walt, 2011, "Crossing the Color Lines, Crossing the Continents: The Racial Politics of the Transnational IWW in South Africa and the United States, 1905–1925,” Safundi: The Journal of South African and American Studies, volume 30, number 1, 2011, pp. 69–96
  • Ian Bekker and Lucien van der Walt, 2010, "The 2010 Mass Strike in the State Sector, South Africa: Positive Achievements but Serious Problems,” Social.History Online / Sozial.Geschichte Online, open access journal, number 4, pp. 138–152.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2009, "Class Politics and Black Freedom Movements: Thinking about the USA and South Africa,” for "Labor History symposium: Robert H. Zeiger, For Jobs and Freedom: Race and Labor in America since 1865,” Labor History, volume 50, number 1, pp. 72–78.
  • Philip Bonner, Jonathan Hyslop and Lucien van der Walt, Nicole Ulrich and Andries Bezuidenhout, 2009,"Workers' Movements,” in Akira Iriye and Pierre-Yves Saunier (eds.), The Palgrave Dictionary of Transnational History, Palgrave Macmillan, London, New York, pp. 1121–1128.
  • Nicole Ulrich and Lucien van der Walt, 2009, "South Africa, Labor Movement,” in International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest, Blackwell, New York, pp. 3090–3099.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2009, "Labour in South Africa: A Sleeping Giant?,” in Immanuel Ness, Amy Offner and Chris Sturr, (eds.), Real World Labor, Dollars and Sense Collective, Boston, pp. 105–112.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2007, "The First Globalisation and Transnational Labour Activism in Southern Africa: White Labourism, the IWW and the ICU, 1904–1934,” African Studies, volume 66, number 2/3, special issue ‘Transnational and Comparative Perspectives on Southern African Labour History’, pp. 223–251.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2008, "Zyklen der Akkumulation – Zyklen des Klassenkampfes. Zum Verhältnis von Apartheid, Arbeit und Befreiung in Südafrika,” Holger Marcks and Matthias Seiffert (Hg.), Die großen Streiks: Episoden aus dem Klassenkampf, Unrast-Bücher der Kritik, Münster, pp. 160–164.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2004, "Bakunin's Heirs in South Africa: Race, Class and Revolutionary Syndicalism from the IWW to the International Socialist League,” Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studies, volume 30, number 1, pp. 67–89.
  • Lucien van der Walt and James Pendlebury, 2006, “Neoliberalism, Bureaucracy and Resistance at Wits University,” in Richard Pithouse (ed.), Asinamali: university struggles in post-apartheid South Africa, Africa World Press, Trenton, New Jersey, pp. 79–92.
  • Lucien van der Walt, and Chris Bolsmann, Bernadette Johnson, and Lindsey Martin, 2003, "Globalisation, the Market University and Support Service Outsourcing in South Africa: Class Struggle, Convergence and Difference, 1994–2001,” Society in Transition (now the South African Review of Sociology), volume 34, number 2, pp. 272–294.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2001, "Fix It or Nix It? The Anti-globalisation Movement [Review article, on Jeremy Brecher, Tim Costello and Brendan Smith, 2000, Globalisation from Below: the power of solidarity],” South African Labour Bulletin, volume 25, number 5, pp. 60–64.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2001, "Pour une Histoire de l'Anti-impérialisme Anarchiste: ‘dans cette lutte, seuls les ouvriers et les paysans iront jusqu' au bout’,” Refractions, number 8, (France) pp. 27–38.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2001, "Revolutionärer Syndikalismus, Rasse und Klasse in Südafrika: Die ‘International Socialist League’ und die ‘Industrial Workers of Africa’ 1915 bis 1920,” Archiv für die Geschichte des Widerstandes und der Arbeit, number 16, (Germany) pp. 213–246.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2000, "GEAR versus Social Security,” South African Labour Bulletin, volume 24, number 3, pp. 70–75.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 1999, "’The Industrial Union is the Embryo of the Socialist Commonwealth’: The International Socialist League and Revolutionary Syndicalism in South Africa, 1915–1919,” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, volume XIX, number 1, special issue ‘South African Labour and the Left’, pp. 5–30.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 1998, "Trade Unions in Zimbabwe: For Democracy, Against Neo-liberalism,” Capital and Class, number 66, 1998, pp. 85–117.
  • Sakhela Buhlungu and Lucien van der Walt, 1997,"The Voice from Below: Zambian Workers Speak Out,” South African Labour Bulletin, volume 21, number 3, pp. 64–68.

Other writings (selection):

  • Lucien van der Walt, Mondli Hlatswayo, Aubrey Nomvela and Nicole Ulrich, 2001, Nehawu: A Workers' History, for the April 2001 National Health, Education and Allied Workers Union (NEHAWU) national congress, on behalf of the Workers' Library and Museum, 2001.

Recent popular works (selected only):

  • Shawn Hattingh and Lucien van der Walt, 2015, “The Kurdish Question: Nationhood or Autonomy,” in Ndivhuwo: Journal for Intellectual Engagement, number 3, 2015, pp. 70-72.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2015, "How Imperialism and Postcolonial Elites have Plundered Africa,” Tokologo, numbers 5/6, pp. 17–19.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2015, "Bill Andrews and South Africa’s Revolutionary Syndicalists,” Tokologo, numbers 5/6, p. 24.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2015, "Beyond ‘White Monopoly Capital’: Who Owns South Africa?," South African Labour Bulletin, volume 39, number 3, pp. 39-42.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2015, "From Living Wage to Working Class Counter-Power: Theory, Strategy and Struggle," Bargaining Indicators 2015: A Collective Bargaining Omnibus, volume 15, pp. 117–124.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2015, "Self-Managed Class-Struggle Alternatives to Neo-liberalism, Nationalisation, Elections," Global Labour Column, number 213, October 2015.
  • Thabang Sefalafala and Lucien van der Walt, 2015, "Building a Mass Anarchist Movement: The Example of Spain's CNT," Zabalaza: A Journal of Southern African Revolutionary Anarchism, number 14, pp. 25–26.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2015, "Speech [Heritage Day event, Joza township, Grahamstown]: Working Class Struggle, Blazing a Path to Freedom," Zabalaza: A Journal of Southern African Revolutionary Anarchism, number 14, pp. 15–16.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2015, "From Living Wage to Working Class Counter-power," South African Labour Bulletin, volume 39, number 2, pp 35–39.
  • Lucien van der Walt, Sian Byrne and Warren McGregor, 2015, "Troubled SA Must Take May Day Seriously," Mail and Guardian, 30 April 2015.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2014, "Politics at a Distance from the State: Speech to South African Movements," ASR, number 62, pp. 21–23.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2013, "Speech to Metalworkers: Anarcho-syndicalism for South African Unions Today?," ASR, number 61, pp. 11–20.
  • Muttaqa Yushau, Sian Byrne, Warren McGregor and Lucien van der Walt, 20 June 2013, "Towards a Viable Counter-Movement in Nigeria,” Daily Labour, volume 26, number 7, (Nigeria), p. 10. (also see corrections note in Daily Labour, 15 July 2013 vol. 26 no. 8, p. 1
  • Lucien van der Walt, Paliani Chinguwo, Sian Byrne and Warren McGregor, 3 May 2013, "Why May Day Matters to Botswana,” Mmegi, volume 30, number 65, (Botswana), pp. 8–9.
  • Lucien van der Walt, Paliani Chinguwo, Sian Byrne and Warren McGregor, 1 May 2013, "Why May Day Matters to Malawi ... History with Anarchist Roots,” The Nation, Labour Day Supplement, (Malawi), pp. 11–12.
  • Tina Sizovuka and Lucien van der Walt, 2013, "Get Rich or Lie Trying: Why ANC Millionaire Julius Malema Posed as a Radical, Why he Lost, and What This Tells Us about the Post-apartheid ANC,” Zabalaza: a journal of southern African revolutionary anarchism, number 13, pp. 28–35.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2013, “Who Rules South Africa? An Anarchist/Syndicalist Analysis of the ANC,the Post-apartheid Elite Pact and the Political Implications,” Zabalaza: a journal of southern African revolutionary anarchism, no. 13, pp. 7–13.
  • Lucien van der Walt and Ian Bekker, 2012, "Améliorer le Mouvement des Travailleurs: leçons de la grande grève de 2010 en Afrique du sud,” Terre et Liberté, number 2, (France), p. 5.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2012, "Internationalismus und Antiimperialismus von unten: Anarchismus und Syndikalismus in der Kolonialen und Postkolonialen Welt,” Direkte Aktion, number 209, (Germany), p. 12.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2012, "Anarchism's Historical Role: A Global View,” Freedom, February, (Britain), pp. 13–15;
  • Lucien van der Walt and Ian Bekker, 2011, "Build a Better Workers' Movement: Learning from South Africa's 2010 Mass Strike,” Zabalaza: a southern African journal of revolutionary anarchism, no. 12, pp. 11–15.
  • Lucien van der Walt, May 2011, "A Look at Three Figures from the IWW in South Africa [Dunbar, Thibedi, Sigamoney],” Industrial Worker, number 1735, (United States), p. 15.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2011, "What Anarchism and Syndicalism Offer the South African Left," special supplement on Marxism & Renewal in the 21st Century – New Challenges, New Thinking, in Amandla, no. 21, pp. 9–11.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2010, "COSATU's Response to the Crisis: An Anarcho-syndicalist Assessment,” Zabalaza: a southern African journal of revolutionary anarchism, number 11, pp. 17–19.

Conference and seminar papers and inputs (select only):

  • Lucien van der Walt, 2016, "The Industrial and Commercial Workers Union in South West Africa: Syndicalism, Garveyism and Resistance in South African-ruled Namibia, 1920-1925," European Social Science History Conference, Valencia, Spain, 30 March - 2 April 2016.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2015, “Classes, Commons, Collectivisation: Labour and the Left,” Class, Colonialism and the Commons: The Case of Southern Africa colloquium: Rhodes University, South Africa, 20–21 August 2015.
  • Lucien van der Walt and Nicole Ulrich, 2015, "A Historical Perspective on the South African Labour Movement and the National Question," Vuyisile Mini Winter School 2015: Labour and Social Policy, Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER), Rhodes University, 18 July 2015.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2015, “From the Periphery: Anarchism and Revolutionary Syndicalism in the Colonial and Post-Colonial World of the Twentieth Century," Anarchism: Insurgent Practices and Thought conference, Federal Rural University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 30 June to 2 21 July 2015.
  • Nicole Ulrich, Lucien van der Walt and Sian Byrne, 2015, "Red, Black and Gold : FOSATU, South African 'Workerism,' 'Syndicalism' and the Nation," Hidden Voices: The Unresolved National Question in Left Thinking workshop, COSATU House, Johannesburg, South Africa, 18–19 May 2015.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2014, "Anarchism, Syndicalism and Violent Anti-imperialism in the Colonial and Post-colonial World, 1870–1940," Panel on "Transnational Dimensions of Violent Dissidence," Fourth Global International Studies Conference, World International Studies Committee (WISC), Frankfurt, Germany, 6–9 August 2014.
  • Ulrich, Nicole and Lucien van der Walt, 11 June 2014, "Workerism/Syndicalism and Nationalism," paper at "The Unresolved National Question in Left Thinking: Hidden voices, unpublished works 1950s to 1990," Chris Hani Institute, COSATU House, 10–11 June 2014.
  • Lucien van der Walt, 2014, "'One Great Union of Skilled and Unskilled Workers, South of the Zambezi': Garveyism, Liberalism and Revolutionary Syndicalism in the Industrial and Commercial Workers Union of Africa, 1919–1949," European Social Science History Conference, Vienna, Austria, 23–26 April 2014.

Last Modified :Mon, 09 May 2016 09:30:59 SAST