Agricultural biotechnology

Cowan AK (2017) Occurrence, metabolism, transport and function of seven-carbon sugars. Phytochemistry Reviews 16 (1), 137-157. (DOI 10.1007/s11101-016-9463-3).

Cowan AK, Wolstenholme BN (2016) Avocado. In: Caballero B, Finglas P, and Toldrá F. (eds.) The Encyclopedia of Food and Health vol. 1, pp. 294-300. Oxford: Academic Press.

Cowan AK, Mlambo PZ (2016) Algae-based wastewater treatment: Opportunities in food production and biosystems engineering. International Journal of Food and Biosystems Engineering 1 (1), 74-81. ISSN: 2408-0675.

Cowan AK (2009) Plant growth promotion by 18:0-lyso-phosphatidylethanolamine involves senescence delay. Plant Signaling & Behavior 4, 324-327.

Hong J-H, Chung G-H, Cowan AK (2009) Lyso-phosphatidylethanolamine-enhanced phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and insoluble acid invertase in isolated radish cotyledons. Plant Growth Regulation 57, 69-78.

Hong J-H, Chung G-H, Cowan AK (2009) Delayed leaf senescence by exogenous lyso-phosphatidyl-ethanolamine: towards a mechanism of action. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 47, 526-534.

Cowan AK, Leung C, Santori C (2006) Lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LPE) as a plant bioregulator. Acta Horticulturae 727, 527-536.

Cowan AK (2006) Phospholipids as plant growth regulators. Plant Growth Regulation 48, 97-109.


Microalgae biotechnology

Psycha M, Pyrgakis K, Harvey PJ, Ben-Amotz A, Cowan AK, Kokossis AC (2014) Design analysis of integrated microalgae biorefineries. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering 34, 591-596.

Harvey PJ, Psycha M, Kokossis A, Abubakar AL, Trivedi V, Swamy R, Cowan AK, Schroeder D, Highfield A, Reinhardt G, Gartner S, McNeil J, Day P, Brocken M, Varrie J, Ben-Amotz A (2012) Glycerol production by halophytic microalgae: strategy for producing industrial quantities in saline water. 20th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings, pp 85-90.

Cowan AK, Richardson GR, Maurel JCG (1997) Stress-induced abscisic acid transients (in D. salina) and stimulus-response-coupling. Physiologia Plantarum 100, 491-499.

Cowan AK, Logie MRR, Rose PD, Phillips LG (1995) Stress induction of zeaxanthin in the ?-carotene-accumulating alga Dunaliella salina Teod. Journal of Plant Physiology 146, 547-553.

Phillips LG, Cowan AK, Logie MRR, Rose PD (1995) Operation of the xanthophyll cycle in non-stressed and stressed cells of D. salina. Journal of Plant Physiology 146, 554-562.

Cowan AK, Rose PD, Horne LG (1992) Dunaliella salina: A model system for studying the response of plant cells to stress. Journal of Experimental Botany 43, 1535-1547.

Rose PD, Maart BA, Phillips TD, Tucker SL, Cowan AK, Rowswell RA (1992) Cross-flow ultrafiltration used in algal high rate oxidation pond treatment of saline organic effluents with the recovery of products of value. Water Science and Technology 25, 319- 327.

Cowan AK, Rose PD (1991) Abscisic acid metabolism in salt stressed cells of Dunaliella salina: a possible interrelationship with ?-carotene accumulation. Plant Physiology 97, 798-803.


Wastewater & sanitation biotechnology

Jimoh, TA, Cowan AK (2017) Extracellular polymeric substance production in high rate algal oxidation ponds. Water Science & Technology 76(10), 2647-2654. DOI: 10.2166/wst.2017.438.

Khaldi H., Maatoug M., Dube C.S., Ncube M., Tandlich R., Heilmeier H., Laubscher R.K., Dellal A. (2017). Efficiency of wastewater treatment by a mixture of sludge and microalgae (2017). Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences. 9(3): 1454-1472.

Madikizela P, Tandlich R, Laubscher R (2017). Chapter 2. Cost Effective Way of Managing Pit Latrine Feacal Sludge: A Review. In: R. Tandlich (ed). Novel Approaches to Rainwater Harvesting and Sanitation in Developing Countries. Nova Science Pub Inc., New York. 169 pp.

Madikizela P, Laubscher R (2017) Chapter 4. A Food Crop Fertilizer from Latrine Pit Faecal Sludge after Anaerobic Digestion and Pasteurization. In: R. Tandlich (ed). Novel Approaches to Rainwater Harvesting and Sanitation in Developing Countries. Nova Science Pub Inc., New York. 169 pp.

Hoossein S, Tandlich R, Whittington-Jones K, Laubscher RK, Madikizela P, Zuma B (2016) Disaster Management policy options to address the sanitation challenges in South Africa. Journal of Environmental Health 78(7), 1-7.

Mambo PM, Westensee DK, Render DS, Cowan AK (2014) Operation of an integrated algae pond system for the treatment of municipal sewage: a South African case study. Water Science and Technology 69(12), 2554-2561.

Mambo PM, Westensee DK, Zuma BM, Cowan AK (2014) The Belmont Valley integrated algae pond system in retrospect. Water SA 40(2), 385-393.

Zuma B, Tandlich R (2014) Water management analysis in Southern African Development Community: A South Africa Perspective". In, Ghoble, Vrushal (ed.), "Energy, Food Security and Environment: Issues in Global Politics", Regal Publications, New Delhi.  Pp. 53 - 69. ISBN 978-81-8484-308-8.

Mambo PM (2013) Simplicity – the key to sanitation sustainability. The Water Wheel 12(6), 36-37.

Bowker ML, Molwantwa JB, Gilfillan J, Dorrington R, Kirby R, Rose PD (2013) Development of a gradient tube method for examining microbial population structures in floating sulphur biofilms. Water SA 39(4), 523-527.

Mambo PM, Westensee DK, Zuma BM, Cowan AK (2013) ‘Golden Pond?’ – Yes! Sewage, Water & Effluent 33(2), 42-44.

Cowan AK (2011) Power from Sewage - Integrated Algal Ponding Systems and biogas. Mvula Diary Articles 190-191. http://tinyurl.com/nvvfzkm.

Kerstholt M, Horjus F, Stöcker T, Cowan AK (2010) Succesvol proefproject Zuid-Afrika - Afvalwaterzuivering met. Milieu 2010-5, 42-43.

Horjus F, Kerstholt M, Stöcker T, Cowan AK (2010) Afvalwaterzuivering in Zuid-Afrika op basis van algen. H2O 13, 22-23.

Cowan AK (2010) Bio-refineries: bioprocess technologies for waste-water treatment, energy and product valorization. In: Tarasenko O, (ed.) Biology, Nanotechnology, Toxicology and Applications: 4th BioNanoTox, AIP Conference Proceedings 1229, 80-86.


Coal biotechnology

Sekhohola LM, Cowan AK (2017) Biological conversion of low-grade coal discard to a humic substance-enriched soil-like material. International Journal of Coal Science and Technology 4(2), 183-190.

Cowan AK, Lodewijks HM, Sekhohola LM, Edeki OG (2016) In situ bioremediation of South African coal discard dumps. In, Fourie AB and Tibbett M, (eds), Mine Closure 2016 Proceedings, Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, pp. 501-509. Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth ISBN 978-0-9924810-4-9.

Edeki OG, Cowan AK (2014) Approaches to bioremediation of fossil fuel contaminated soil: an overview. African Journal of Biotechnology 13(26), 2593-2607.

Sekhohola LM, Isaacs, ML, Cowan AK (2014) Fungal colonisation and enzyme-mediated metabolism of waste coal by Neosartorya fischeri strain ECCN 84. Bioscience, Biotechnology & Biochemistry 78(10), 1797-1802.

Sekhohola LM, Igbinigie EE, Cowan AK (2013) Biological degradation and solubilisation of coal. Biodegradation 24(3), 305-318.


Fuel cell biotechnology

Edwards SL, Fogel R, Mtambanengwe K, Togo C, Laubscher R, Limson JL (2012) Metallophthalocyanine /carbon nanotube hybrids: extending applications to microbial fuel cells. Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines 16, 917-926.


Technical reports

Cowan AK (2016) Fungcoal 3. Research report to Anglo American Thermal Coal, Johannesburg, Pp 112.

Cowan AK, Mambo PM, Westensee DK, Render DS (2016) Evaluation of integrated algae pond systems for municipal wastewater treatment: The Belmont Valley WWTW pilot-scale IAPS case study. WRC Report No. TT 649/15. Water Research Commission, Pretoria.

Jones CLW, Britz P, Scheepers R, Power S, Cilliers A, Laubscher R. (2014). Environmentally sustainable beneficiation of brewery effluent: Algal ponding, constructed wetland, hydroponic vegetables and aquaculture. WRC Report TT 601/14. Water Research Commission, Pretoria.

Edeki OG, Cowan AK (2011) Hydrocarbon bioremediation. Report: CES, Grahamstown.

Rose PD, Gilfillan J, Rein N, Render D (2011) Development of an immobilized fixed film system for sulphide oxidation in passive mine water treatment. WRC Report No. TT 250/10, Water Research Commission, Pretoria.

Cowan AK (2011) Effect of Novus BIOX compounds on growth, productivity, and chemical composition of selected microalgae. Report: Novus International, St Louis, Missouri.

Cowan AK (2010) Retrofitting biogas harvesting to the EBRU Integrated Algal Pond System (IAPS). Report: The Mvula Trust, Johannesburg.

Cowan AK, Laubscher RK (2010) Algal biotechnology: Carbon sequestration, biofuels and bio-hydrogen production. Report: Sastech, Sasolburg.

Rose PD, Laubscher R, Phillips T, Masemola, P (2002) Integrated Algal Ponding Systems and the Treatment of Saline Organic Wastewaters. Part 2: Hyper-saline Wastewaters - The Dunaliella Model. WRC Report. Water Research Commission, Pretoria.



Cowan AK, Edeki OG, Madikiza L, Sekhohola LM, Isaacs ML (2015) Treatment of a coal component. South African Patent Application, 2015/02749.

Cowan AK, Edeki OG, Igbinigie EE, Isaacs ML (2015) Treatment of a hydrocarbon component. South African Patent Application, 2015/02748.

Isaacs ML, Persson UT, Render DS, Cowan AK. 2016. Rotating biological contactor for treatment of acid mine drainage. South African Patent Number, RSA 2015/03312 [Granted 31 August 2016].

Rowley KR, Jeung SW, Cowan AK (2007) Use of N-acylethanolamines to achieve ethylene- and cytokinin-like effects in plants and fungi. WO 2004/014135 A2; USA 2004/0082478.

Rose PD, Igbinigie E, Mukasa-Mugerwa T, Dames J. 2011. Beneficiation of coal.  South African Patent Number, RSA  2010/02354. [Granted 26 Oct 2011].

Rose PD, Cowan AK (1992) A process for the production of useful products from saline media. RSA 92/4864; Australia 647,295; Namibia 91/0079; USA 906,536; EPO 92306077.4;  Israel 102357.

Rose PD, Cowan AK (1992) A process for the treatment of saline effluents. RSA 92/4865; Australia 661,694; Namibia 910077; USA 906,535; EPO 92306078.4.

Rose PD. Cowan AK (1992) Treatment of saline media with Spirulina. RSA 92/4159.

Last Modified: Mon, 09 Sep 2019 14:40:54 SAST