This is agriculture: Aggies in AfricaDate Released: Thu, 18 August 2016 09:16 +0200
This spring, 13 students from the Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture traveled to the Eastern Cape of South Africa for the first ever African Wildlife Ecology (AWE) course, a three-week intensive credit course introduced as part of the new Bioveterinary Science program.
“This course was developed for our new degree in Bioveterinary Sciences, but more importantly it was developed because there is no better place to see and study ecology than in Africa,” says Dr. Gray, Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture. “Large predators, interaction between species, game migrations – the African bush has it all.”
Current students from the Animal Science and Pre-Veterinary Medicine programs were able to take AWE as an elective this spring. The group was accompanied by Dr. Janine Gray and Sarah Gatti-Yorke, instructors in the Department of Plant & Animal Sciences.
“It was a very intensive program,” says Andrew Greene, a third-year Animal Science student. “As soon as we arrived we started learning.”
The course incorporated field research, lectures and practice in conservation and veterinary care. Students were also expected to complete an individual research project on something that interested them. Janessa Henry, a third year Animal Science student, focused on the diversity of hoofed mammals in different types of habitat.
“My project was on ungulate diversity in the thicket biome. I conducted my research over multiple game drives and it consisted of counting all of the animals I saw and classifying the vegetation type which I found them in,” explains Janessa. “I really enjoyed going out on game drives and learning from the ranger as I collected my data. I chose this project because I had a real interest in the antelope species and wanted to do something that incorporated them.”
The group spent the first 12 days of their trip at the Amakhala Game Reserve, a privately owned park sprawling over 18,000 acres that was once agricultural land. Here they went on regular game drives and nature walks and took in several lectures and labs. Lecture topics spanned everything from the history of Amakhala to data collection techniques to the importance of vegetation types and densities and were delivered by both Rhodes University faculty and Amakhala staff. The main instructor, Dr. Dan Parker of Rhodes University, provided guidance for the research projects along with Janine and Sarah.
The group was exposed to many different species of wildlife while at Amakhala, including lions, rhinos, elephants, giraffes, zebras, wildebeests, kudu, warthogs and assorted reptiles, small mammals and avian species. During their very first game drive, they witnessed a lion kill right before their eyes.
The lion kill was an educational example of a predator-prey relationship in the wild. Not only did the students get to see the lions make the kill, but they were also able to hear a few other species (including vervet monkeys and cape crows) give alarm calls to warn one another of the approaching predator. However, this wasn’t even the most exciting thing to happen to them during their stay at Amakhala.
Janessa and Andrew agree that was when they had the opportunity to work on a pair of white rhinos. Halfway through their stay at Amakhala, the students found out they would be helping to treat a male and female rhino pair the following day.
“Definitely one of the most memorable and meaningful experiences for me was working on the rhino,” says Andrew. “I’m looking to pursue a career in veterinary medicine, so getting hands-on experience with such a large animal will be directly applicable to my career going forward.”
The rhinos were anesthetized by a veterinarian and the students were split into two groups to process them. Under supervision from the vets on hand, the teams of students were allowed to check the animals’ pulses, administer medicine to them and monitor their respiration.
The entire procedure took about an hour. “I didn’t expect to have such a close encounter with such a large animal,” says Janessa. “To get to touch its skin and feel how powerful it really is was truly amazing. I will treasure this memory for life.”
After 12 days at Amakhala, filled with exciting discoveries, lots of learning, delicious food and more animals than they could count, the group moved on to Mountain Zebra National Park for two nights. Here they continued with game drives and hiking, having a chance to see some now familiar species as well as new species up close. Mountain Zebra and Addo Elephant Park were their last stops before heading back to Canada. Addo provided exceptional photo opportunities – although these weren’t hard to come by at any point during the trip.
If you’d like to read more about the first group of African Wildlife Ecology students and their adventures, you can find their blog at blogs.dal.ca/awe.
Michelle Thompson is a communications and marketing assistant with the Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture office in Bible Hill. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org