There is extensive literature across arts policy, economics and social science exploring at a conceptual level the relative merits and demerits of both direct and indirect subsidies to the arts generally and film industries specifically. This has yet to be translated into a similarly extensive base of peer-reviewed empirical evidence to inform film subsidy policy. Nevertheless there are some early empirical analyses of their effectiveness and impacts in Australia, Italy and South Africa and some empirical observations on state level subsidy competition that has taken place in the USA in a bid to attract some film project investment to their locations. This presentation sets out the salient outcomes from this small body of evidence.
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