Environmental Legislation and Policies

Environmental legislation is essential for promoting environmental sustainability, both as a source of guidance and as a source of enforcement. The success of legislation and policies depends on 'policing'  and action at all levels in society, from governmental organisations through to civic engagement and environmental activist groups.

Constitution of the Republic of South Africa (1996)section 24 
provides the overarching legislative foundation for environmental management in South Africa:

Everyone has the right to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well-being; and to have the environment protected, for the benefit of present and future generations, through reasonable legislative and other measures that 

­i. prevent pollution and ecological degradation;

ii. promote conservation; and

iii. secure ecologically sustainable development and use of natural resources while promoting justifiable economic and social development.

National Environmental Act (107 of 1998):
Primary environmental framework Act in South Africa.

  • provides for co-operative environmental governance based on the principles that everyone has the right to an environment that is not harmful to his or her health or well-being, and enabling the administration and enforecement of other environmental management laws



Last Modified: Tue, 14 Jan 2020 08:27:47 SAST